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The glucose tolerance test, also understood as the oral glucose tolerance test, determines your body’s action to sugar (glucose). The glucose tolerance test can be utilized to evaluate for type 2 diabetes. More commonly, a customized variation of the glucose tolerance test is used to identify gestational diabetes– a kind of diabetes that establishes during pregnancy.
Why it’s done
The glucose tolerance test determines irregularities in the way your body manages glucose after a meal– often prior to your fasting blood sugar level becomes irregular.
How you prepare
It is very important to drink and eat usually in the days leading up to the glucose tolerance test. Let your doctor understand if you’re ill or taking any medications, as these aspects can impact the results of your test.
For eight hours before the test, you will not have the ability to eat or drink anything. You might wish to quick overnight and schedule the test for early the following early morning.Diabetic Test Strips Costco
Exactly what you can anticipate
The glucose tolerance test is performed in numerous actions. When you arrive at your physician’s workplace or laboratory, a member of your healthcare team will take a sample of blood from a vein in your arm. This blood sample will be used to measure your fasting blood glucose level.
Type 2 diabetes
If you’re being tested for type 2 diabetes:
- You’ll consume about 8 ounces (237 milliliters) of a syrupy glucose option including 2.6 ounces (75 grams) of sugar
- Two hours later, your blood sugar level will be determined once again
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists advises performing a one-hour blood sugar difficulty test to screen for gestational diabetes in low-risk pregnant women between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy.
Your doctor may suggest earlier screening if you’re at increased danger of developing gestational diabetes. Threat factors may consist of:
- Gestational diabetes in an earlier pregnancy
- Household history of diabetes
- Having a medical condition connected with the advancement of diabetes, such as metabolic syndrome or polycystic ovary syndrome
If your medical professional determines you’re at threat or you have a suspicious worth on the one-hour test, you may be encouraged to take a three-hour glucose tolerance test.
For the three-hour test:
- You will be asked to come to the test fasting– not having had anything to eat or drink for the previous 8 hours. A fasting blood sugar will be obtained.
- You’ll drink about 8 ounces (237 milliliters) of a glucose option containing 3.5 ounces (100 grams) of sugar.
- Your blood sugar level will be evaluated again one, two and 3 hours after you drink the option.
After drinking the glucose solution, you’ll likely require to remain in the doctor’s workplace or lab while you’re awaiting your blood glucose level to be evaluated. After the glucose tolerance test, you can go back to your normal activities immediately.
Results of the oral glucose tolerance test are given up milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L).
If you’re being checked for type 2 diabetes, two hours after consuming the glucose solution:
- A regular blood sugar level is lower than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L).
- A blood sugar level between 140 mg/dL and 199 mg/dL (7.8 and 11 mmol/L) is thought about impaired glucose tolerance, or prediabetes. If you have prediabetes, you’re at threat of eventually establishing type 2 diabetes You’re also at risk of developing heart problem, even if you don’t develop diabetes.
- A blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher may suggest diabetes.
If the outcomes of your glucose tolerance test show type 2 diabetes, your medical professional may repeat the test on another day or usage another blood test to confirm the diagnosis. Different elements can impact the precision of the glucose tolerance test, consisting of health problem, activity level and particular medications.
If you’re being tested for gestational diabetes, your physician will think about the results of each blood glucose test.
If your blood glucose level is greater than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) after the one-hour test, your doctor will recommend the three-hour test. If your blood glucose level is higher than 190 mg/dL (10.6 mmol/L) after the one-hour test, you’ll be identified with gestational diabetes.
For the three-hour test:
- A regular fasting blood sugar level is lower than 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L).
- One hour after consuming the glucose option, a regular blood sugar level is lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).
- Two hours after consuming the glucose solution, a typical blood glucose level is lower than 155 mg/dL (8.6 mmol/L).
- Three hours after consuming the glucose service, a typical blood sugar level is lower than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L).
If among the tests is greater than typical, you’ll likely have to check again in 4 weeks. If two or more of the tests are higher than regular, you’ll be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.
If you’re identified with gestational diabetes, you can avoid complications by carefully managing your blood glucose level throughout the rest of your pregnancy.Diabetic Test Strips Costco