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The glucose tolerance test, also known as the oral glucose tolerance test, determines your body’s reaction to sugar (glucose). The glucose tolerance test can be utilized to evaluate for type 2 diabetes. More commonly, a modified version of the glucose tolerance test is used to diagnose gestational diabetes– a kind of diabetes that establishes throughout pregnancy.
Why it’s done
The glucose tolerance test determines irregularities in the method your body handles glucose after a meal– often prior to your fasting blood glucose level ends up being irregular.
How you prepare
It is very important to consume and consume generally in the days preceeding the glucose tolerance test. Let your medical professional know if you’re ill or taking any medications, as these factors can impact the outcomes of your test.
For eight hours prior to the test, you won’t be able to eat or consume anything. You might desire to quick over night and schedule the test for early the following early morning.Roche Diabetic Testing Supplies
Exactly what you can anticipate
The glucose tolerance test is done in a number of actions. When you get to your physician’s workplace or laboratory, a member of your health care group will take a sample of blood from a vein in your arm. This blood sample will be used to measure your fasting blood glucose level.
Type 2 diabetes
If you’re being checked for type 2 diabetes:
- You’ll consume about 8 ounces (237 milliliters) of a syrupy glucose service containing 2.6 ounces (75 grams) of sugar
- Two hours later on, your blood glucose level will be measured again
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists advises performing a one-hour blood glucose challenge test to screen for gestational diabetes in low-risk pregnant ladies between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy.
Your doctor might recommend earlier screening if you’re at increased risk of establishing gestational diabetes. Danger factors might include:
- Gestational diabetes in an earlier pregnancy
- Family history of diabetes
- Having a medical condition related to the development of diabetes, such as metabolic syndrome or polycystic ovary syndrome
If your doctor determines you’re at threat or you have a suspicious value on the one-hour test, you might be encouraged to take a three-hour glucose tolerance test.
For the three-hour test:
- You will be asked to come to the test fasting– not having had anything to consume or drink for the previous 8 hours. A fasting blood sugar level will be obtained.
- You’ll drink about 8 ounces (237 milliliters) of a glucose service including 3.5 ounces (100 grams) of sugar.
- Your blood sugar level will be evaluated once again one, two and 3 hours after you drink the solution.
After drinking the glucose service, you’ll likely have to stay in the doctor’s workplace or lab while you’re waiting on your blood sugar level to be tested. After the glucose tolerance test, you can go back to your normal activities right away.
Results of the oral glucose tolerance test are given up milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L).
If you’re being evaluated for type 2 diabetes, 2 hours after drinking the glucose service:
- A normal blood glucose level is lower than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L).
- A blood sugar level in between 140 mg/dL and 199 mg/dL (7.8 and 11 mmol/L) is considered impaired glucose tolerance, or prediabetes. If you have prediabetes, you’re at risk of eventually developing type 2 diabetes You’re likewise at threat of establishing heart illness, even if you don’t develop diabetes.
- A blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or greater might suggest diabetes.
If the outcomes of your glucose tolerance test show type 2 diabetes, your doctor might repeat the test on another day or use another blood test to validate the diagnosis. Different elements can affect the accuracy of the glucose tolerance test, consisting of disease, activity level and certain medications.
If you’re being tested for gestational diabetes, your medical professional will think about the outcomes of each blood sugar test.
If your blood sugar level is higher than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) after the one-hour test, your doctor will recommend the three-hour test. If your blood glucose level is greater than 190 mg/dL (10.6 mmol/L) after the one-hour test, you’ll be detected with gestational diabetes.
For the three-hour test:
- A normal fasting blood sugar level is lower than 95 mg/dL (5.3 mmol/L).
- One hour after drinking the glucose solution, a typical blood sugar level is lower than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).
- 2 hours after consuming the glucose option, a typical blood sugar level is lower than 155 mg/dL (8.6 mmol/L).
- Three hours after consuming the glucose service, a typical blood glucose level is lower than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L).
If among the tests is higher than regular, you’ll likely have to evaluate once again in four weeks. If 2 or more of the tests are greater than typical, you’ll be detected with gestational diabetes.
If you’re diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you can avoid issues by thoroughly managing your blood sugar level throughout the rest of your pregnancy.Roche Diabetic Testing Supplies